||Bloody Sunday - Czarist troops open fire on a peaceful
demonstration of workers in St Petersburg.
|| General Strike sweeps Russia which ends when the Csar
promises a constitution.
|| In response to the suppression of the St Petersburg
Soviet the Moscow Soviet organises a disastrous insurrection
that the government suppresses after five days
||The promised parliament the Duma is dissolved when it
produces an anti government majority even though elected
on a narrow franchise.
|| A new wave of workers unrest ends with the outbreak of the First World War
|| After several days of demonstrations in Petrograd
(formally St Petersburg) the government orders troops to open fire.
The next day these troops mutiny. The Tsar abdicates when he .
hears that Moscow too has joined the Revolution. An agreement
is reached between the Petrograd Soviet and the Provisional
Government headed by Lvov.
| March 12th
|| Abolition of the death Penalty
| April 18th
|| Milyukov note. Milyukov tells allies that war aims
| April 20
|| - 21 The April Days. Opposition to the Foreign Minister
Milyukov boils over due to his refusal to renounce annexations.
|| Milyukov resigns. Members of the Mensheviks and the
Socialist Revolutionaries join the government.
| June 3
|| First All-Russia Congress of Workers and Soldiers
| June 18
|| Offensive launched by Russia against Austria Hungary.
|| The July Days. (3rd and 4th) Workers and soldiers in
Petrograd demand the Soviet takes power. Sporadic fighting
results and the Soviet restores order with troops brought
back from the front. Trotsky arrested. Lenin goes into hiding.
A new provisional government is set up with Kerensky at it's
| July 12th
|| Death Penalty reintroduced for the front.
|| The Kornilov putsch. An attempt by General Kornilov to
establish a right wing dictatorship is a disastrous flop.
Chernov the leader of the Socialist Revolutionaries resigns
from the government denouncing Kerensky for complicity in the
|| The Bolsheviks win control of the Petrograd Soviet. In the
countryside peasant seizure of land from the gentry continues
and reaches the level of near insurrection in Tambov.
|| The Bolsheviks overthrow the Provisional government on the
eve of the meeting of 2nd All-Russia Congress of Soviets.
| Oct 26/27
|| Soviet proclamations on land and peace. Death
| Oct 30
|| Kerensky repulsed outside Petrograd
| Nov 2
|| Bolsheviks gain Moscow
| Nov 7th
|| Ukraine proclaimed independent by the Central Rada.
| Nov 12-14
|| Elections to the Constituent Assembly. Socialist
Revolutionaries the largest party.
| Dec 12
|| Left-SRs join Sovnarkom
| Dec (early)
|| Congress of Socialist Revolutionaries results in
victory for the left under Chernov. Likewise Menshevik
Congress gives victory to Martov's Menshevik
|1918 Jan 5th
|| The Constituent Assembly in which the Bolsheviks are
a minority meets for one day before being suppressed. Earlier
that day a demonstration is fired on by Bolshevik units and
several demonstrators are killed
| Jan 10-18
|| 3rd Soviet Congress
| Jan 28th
|| Trotsky denounces the German Peace Terms as unacceptable
and walks out of the peace negotiations at Brest- Litovsk.
| Feb 1/14
|| Russia adopts Western (Gregorian) calendar.
| Feb 18th
|| The Germans invade Russia which is all but defenceless
as virtually the entire army has deserted.
|| The Bolsheviks accept the dictated peace of Brest-Litovsk.
The Left SRs denounce the peace and leave the government.
| April 12th
|| Moscow headquarters of the anarchists surrounded and
attacked by Bolshevik troops
| May 9th
|| Bolshevik troops open fire on workers protesting at food
shortages in the town of Kolpino
| May (late)
|| The Czechoslovak legion mutinies against the Bolshevik
government. Using the railways they are able to sweep away
Bolshevik control from vast areas of Russia. The Socialist
Revolutionaries support the rising.
|| Fifth Soviet Congress. The left SRs assassinate the German
ambassador and are in turn crushed by the Bolsheviks.
| July 16
|| Gorky’s Novaia Zhizn
the last opposition paper
| Aug 23rd
|| 3 ministers of the Siberian Government are arrested
by supporter of Mikhailov the finance Ministerwhen they arrive in Omsk. They are told to
resign their posts. Two agree. The third Novoselov refuses and is hacked to death.
| Sept 22nd
|| Siberian Oblast Duma dismisses Mikhailov and is itself dispersed by Mikhailov
| November 18th
|| Kolchak stages a coup against the Directory the multi party
government in Siberia and establishes a counterrevolutionary
|| Perm falls to Kolchak's Whites
|| Mensheviks legalised and allowed to publish Vsegda
Vpered in Moscow. Era of relative freedom begins in Bolshevik
| Feb 25
|| The Cheka closes down Vsegda Vpered. This marks a return to
despotic rule by Bolsheviks.
|| White Armies attack the Bolsheviks from all directions
but the Red Army is finally victorious.
|1920 Apr 25
|| Poland invades Russia.
| Aug 19th
|| Start of peasant insurrection in Tambov
| 14 Nov.
|| Last White army under Wrangel evacuates the Crimea
|| Peasant unrest sweeps Russia. These risings are suppressed but the New Economic Policy is proclaimed that gives the peasants the right to sell their grain surpluses
| Mar 1-17
|| The old Bolshevik stronghold of Kronstadt rises demanding free election to the Soviets but is suppressed.
|| Tambov insurrection suppressed
|| Lenin dies. Trotsky is defeated by a triumvirate of Stalin
Kamenev and Zinoviev. Though Stalin stays in the background it
is he who is the real power as the other two will shortly